Thursday, 10 January 2013

Adobe InDesign Workshop 1

Adobe InDesign is an industry standard design software, specifically used for layout.

Mainly used for print layout – publications – anything with multiple pages.

It has many commonalities with Adobe Illustrator and Adobe Photoshop.

When creating work on InDesign the probability, at this stage, is that, on opening InDesign, I will work with a ‘New Document’ rather than anything else.

When creating a ‘New Document’ it is important to have the page(s) at the correct size needed.

Columns & Margins: These provide guides to the page for you to work to.

Gutter: The space between columns, so that the text does not run into each other.

Margins: These are at the top/bottom/inside/outside of the page and give a constant border space around the page.

Bleed & Slug:
Bleed is the most important.
It aids when cropping and trimming the work.
Anything that goes to the very edge of the page should be given a 3mm bleed extension over every side.
The work is then printed with trim marks, allowing the work to be cut out without the danger of any white edges being left.

The slug area is larger than the bleed area.
The slug area is used to contain print marks, registration marks and fold lines.

Number of pages determines the size of you document.
When working with multiple pages or making a book it is possible to select a ‘facing pages’ option which means the facing pages will appear as that on the screen.

When the document has been produced it will appear with a number of lines around it.
Black Line    -           Edge of the page
Purple Line   -           Margin line
Red Line       -           Bleed line

Pages Pallet:

The pages pallet has a thumbnail of each page.

It also has a pallet specific menu that makes it easy to navigate between pages and easy to insert pages.

Pages can also be binned by selecting the page and then clicking the bin icon.

Guides and rulers can be added as with Illustrator and Photoshop.

The Layout menu can be used to add guides. This method is more accurate. The process also allows you to choose whether you want the guides to fit to the page or the margins.

Adding Content:


When adding text the process is similar to Illustrator and Photoshop.
A text box must be created – a ‘text frame’
Type menu can be used to ‘fill with placeholder text’ allowing you to see how the text box works on the page when filled with text.
The text formatting on InDesign is very similar to any other text formatting software.
The easiest way to format your type is buy opening the ‘character pallet’ through the Type menu and then selecting the Character option.

As with other Adobe software there are alignment guides, which aid in the layout of multiple frames.

Importing text

This is done by creating a text frame and then selecting File, Place and choose file.

Flow Text

When text is to large for the frame you want to fit it in it is possible to flow the text into another frame. When the text is too large a small red box with a red plus will appear. Click this box and then from that, draw a new box.

Graphics or images

Preparing Images – Photoshop

1.    Image size. The photo must be the actual size it needs to be.
2.    Colour mode. For print the colour mode must be set to CMYK or greyscale.
3.    Resolution. The resolution must be set to 300 dpi
4.    The file must be saved as either a .tif file or a .psd file and not as a JPEG.

Preparing Images – Illustrator

1.    When working with Illustrator you do not need to worry about size and resolution.
2.    Colour mode. For print the colour mode must be set to CMYK or greyscale.
3.    The file should be saved as a standard illustrator file - .ai

Importing an image:

Importing an image is very similar to importing text although it is not necessary to draw the frame before hand. As with text, you select File, Place and then choose your image.

It is also possible to draw an image frame and then import the image through the same process.

Once an image has been imported, ‘content grabber’ allows you to select the contents of the frame without moving the frame.

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