DESIGN FOR PRINT
HOW TO WORK WITH COLOUR
CMYK//RGB – Common colour modes.
CMYK is subtractive – RGB is additive.
CMYK is also known as Process colour.
Key (Black) – Actual black – pulls all the image together
- Common print order.
Shortcut to flick between stroke & fill – ‘x’
- Same every time.
- Apply colour consistently.
- Select all unused.
- Small list view.
- Used for printing printers marks.
- Should only be used for this.
- Not actually black.
- Leave name as CMYK percentage.
- Can use colour pallet – colour spectrum.
- Use eyedrop to sample colour from artwork to create a new swatch and apply constantly.
Add used colours
- Creates swatch from every single colour in image.
- Differences can be seen in the swatch pallet.
Double click swatches to change.
Swatches created from image are global swatches rather than local swatches.
- Global means there is a link between swatch and image.
- Locals can become global y checking the box.
Add tint swatches
- Change percentage in colour.
- Create new swatch.
- Appears in list with percentage.
- If you change the 100% colour, the tints will change.
CMYK – Process inks
- Colour that is printed not by mixing but is pre-mixed.
- Requires only one ink – cheaper.
- Requires only one plate – cheaper.
- Can be more expensive by adding more spot colours.
- Consistency – always the same.
- More interesting//alternative inks.
- Pantone – only works successfully with industrial//commercial print.
Access Pantone swatches within Illustrator
- Pallet menu
- Open swatch library
- Colour books
- Small list
- Find field
- Type in reference
- Click on colour and it will be added to swatches
- Can then set up tints
- Never change the name
May want to transfer colour pallet through designs and software
- Save it as another illustrator file – Save as AI
- New illustrator – open swatch library
- User defined – choose
Use in other software
- Save as ASE
- Save as a file rather than buried in folders